Dr Houriya Kazim has spent the past 17 years campaigning to eradicate breast cancer in her native country, the United Arab Emirates (UAE). After attending medical school in Ireland, the young doctor returned to the UAE to intern at a government hospital in Dubai. There, she began treating women with the most advanced breast cancer tumors she had ever seen – even in medical textbooks. Superstition, fear, lack of knowledge and, mainly modesty, prevented many Emirati women from seeking treatment from the country’s predominantly male medical establishment. In fact, at the time, there were no female surgeons in the UAE.